About Romania

Romania is part of the European Union (EU) since 1st of January 2007. Romania is situated in the southeastern part of Central Europe and shares borders with Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria, Ukraine and Republic of Moldova. Romania is the second largest country in the area, after Poland.

No. Member State Area km2 Area % of EU
* European Union 4.325.675 100%
1. France 547.030 12.6%
2. Spain 504.782 11.7%
3. Sweden 449.964 10.4%
4. Germany 357.021 8.3%
5. Finland 337.030 7.8%
6. Poland 312.685 7.2%
7. Italy 301.320 7.0%
8. United Kingdom 244.820 5.7%
9. Romania 237.500 5.5%
10. Greece 131.940 3.1%


No. Member State Population in millions Population % of EU Pop. density People / km2
* European Union>/td> 484.9 100 112
1. Germany 82.4 17.0 231
2. France 60.2 12.4 111
3. United Kingdom 60.1 12.4 243
4. Italy 58.0 12.0 193
5. Spain 40.2 8.3 80
6. Poland 38.6 8.0 124
7. Romania 21.7 4.5 91
8. Netherlands 16.3 3.4 395


One of Romania’s specifics lies in the fact that it is crossed by the 45 North Parallel (between 43°37’07″ and 48°15’06″) and the 25 East Meridian (between 20°15’44″ and 29°41’24″). Romania is 2 hours ahead of GMT.

Bucharest is the capital and biggest city of Romania, which has a population of over 2 million inhabitants. Other big cities, Cluj-Napoca, Timisoara, Arad, Craiova, Brasov and Constanta.

The population is formed in its biggest proportion by Romanians, who represent 90% of the total number of inhabitants, to which Hungarians (around 7%), Gypsies, Germans, Ukrainians, Turks, Tartars, etc. can be added.


Romanian, a Latin-based language is considered a continuation of the Latin spoken in ancient times in Dacia and Moesia – the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire. A 31-letter Latin alphabet is in use. Ethnic minorities (Hungarian and German) use their own languages in school and civil administration.
The foreign languages most frequently spoken in the country are English, French and German.

About Arad City

(information taken from primariaarad.ro)

Arad municipality is one of the oldest settlements in Romania and the archaeological discoveries testify traces of life since the Neolithic Age. The traces of human existence can be followed up to the 11th century when the domination of the Hungarian feudal kingdom extended over this area.

The Arad area has been first mentioned back in 1028 in documents relating the fights of the native population against the Hungarian feudal kingdom. The locality Arad was first mentioned in a document from 1078-1081, inserted in a document from 1347, as well as in the “Painted chronicle from Vienna” dated 1131.
Location: The Municipality of Arad is placed in the western part of Romania, in the alluvial field of Arad, at the intersection of some important national and international traffic highways. The Mures River crosses it from east to the west.
Municipality surface:  4618 hectares.
Total population (2002): 172.824 inhabitants out of which 82.6 % are Romanians, 12,9 % Hungarians, 1.7 % gypsy, 1.3 % Germans, 0.3 % Serbians, 0.2 % Slovakians, Bulgarians: 0,15%, other 0,85%.
Average altitude: 110 m.
Climate: continental-moderate, with slight Mediterranean influences.
Soils: predominant the chernozems.

The Cultural and Historical Tourism:

The Municipality of Arad has a rich cultural and historical patrimony. It offers to the visitors a real out-door museum of the architectural styles specific to the XVIII, XIX and XX centuries, art and historical monuments, theatre performances, philharmonic orchestra concerts, plastic art exhibitions, history museum exhibitions, art and sciences of the nature, festivals and feasts.
The architecture lovers can admire buildings erected in baroque, renaissance, eclectic, classic, neo-gothic and secession style, and the most well known monuments of architecture being mentioned below:

Name Address Year Architectural style
Administrative Palace Bulevardul Revolutiei 75 1876 neo-renaissance
Cenad Palace Bulevardul Revolutiei nr.73 1894 eclectic,  neoclassic
Neumann Palace Bulevardul Revolutiei nr. 78 1891 eclectic
The Palace of Justice Bulevardul G.Vasile Milea nr. 2-4 1892 eclectic
The Palace of Finances Bulevardul Revolutiei 77 1896 eclectic, rococo tower
Water Tower Str. Ceaikovschi nr. 11 1896 medieval dungeon
Kelemen House Str. Ştefan Cicio Pop nr. 16 1899 secession
National Bank Bulevardul Revolutiei 72 1906 neoclassic
Szantay Palace Str. Horea nr.3 1911 secession
Bohuş Palace Str. V.Goldis nr.1-3 1910 secession
Cultural Palace Pta. G. Enescu nr. 1 1913 neoclassic, gothic, renaissance, Corinthian
Cloşca Street Strada Cloşca XIX secession


More information about Arad City can be found at: primariaarad.ro